Summary: The charge that Israel is an apartheid state does not rest on Israeli policy or practice. Instead, it was concocted as an ideological weapon in a sixty-year war against Israel's very existence. Coming from Islamic supremacist groups like the Muslim Brotherhood, these accusations constitute a spectacular case of projection. In fact, the system that most closely resembles South Africa's apartheid is the one that the Brotherhood aspires to impose on all humanity: the system of Islamic law, or Sharia. The people who suffer apartheid-like discrimination today are the inhabitants of Muslim states all over the world.